Docker for Mac file access performance

If you’ve been reading File access in mounted volumes extremely slow , then you know that using shared volumes (from host filesystem) in Docker for Mac is quite hard and slow. But there’s a work-around if you don’t want to install any 3rd party software or configurations. Meet docker-machine-nfs.

Let’s test write performance on containers without and with shared volumes in Docker for Mac. Continue reading

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The importance of PID 1 in containers

The Docker platform leverages Docker containers to enable IT operations teams and Developer teams to build, ship and run any application, anywhere. (from docker.com)

I’ve been working with Docker for 3 years now and seen some cases where an image has to perform some steps before booting the application(s). It’s usual to see that done with a bash script that doesn’t launch the application preceded by an exec command. Let me explain:

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[Docker] How to monitor your server(s) with Nagios

Docker-logo

Lately I’ve been working with Docker experimenting development setups with JBoss Wildfly, ActiveMQ, Jenkins, Postfix, Nagios, etc. For those who are not familiar with:

Docker is an open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications.

You can easily create a container with your ideal setup and deploy your app, in a matter of minutes! You can have fun with Docker, here.

Nagios is a very powerful monitoring tool that can help you to monitor your infrastructure, detect security breaches, spot problems before they occur, etc.
I’ve forked Brian Goff Nagios image and added the possibility to monitor HTTPS by enabling SSL (here). But then, how do I create my configuration files and add them to Nagios?

Setup

Based on cpuguy83 Nagios or my image, I’ve created the following Dockerfile:

# Nagios docker modified image
# VERSION 1.0

# use tpires/nagios base image (SSL ON)
FROM tpires/nagios
MAINTAINER Tiago Pires, tandrepires@gmail.com

# Install/remove dependencies
ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND noninteractive

# I've had some troubles trying to configure postfix inside nagios, so let's remove it and later create a postfix image to also be used by other containers.
RUN apt-get remove -y --purge postfix
RUN apt-get install -y msmtp heirloom-mailx
RUN apt-get autoremove -y
RUN apt-get autoclean

ADD launch.sh /launch.sh
RUN chmod +x /launch.sh

EXPOSE 80
CMD ["/bin/bash", "-c", "/launch.sh"]

(I’m going to use an external postfix image to send emails. You can, of course, keep and configure postfix inside this image.)
We’re adding an init script launch.sh, to let us copy configuration file(s) to our Nagios image and edit some of the existing ones. But where will those configuration file(s) come from? Later, we’ll create a nagios configuration image containing them. Let’s have a look at launch.sh first.

#!/bin/bash

# If $NAGIOS HOME isn't set, set it!
if [ -z $NAGIOS_HOME ];
then
 NAGIOS_HOME=/opt/nagios
fi

# Create, if not already, servers configuration directory
if [ ! -d "$NAGIOS_HOME/etc/servers" ];
then
 mkdir -p $NAGIOS_HOME/etc/servers
fi

# Copy all existing configuration file(s) to Nagios servers directory and uncomment that line in nagios.cfg.
if [ ! -z $CONF_PATH ]; then
 cp -f $CONF_PATH/*.cfg $NAGIOS_HOME/etc/servers/
 sed -i "s|#cfg_dir=$NAGIOS_HOME/etc/servers|cfg_dir=$NAGIOS_HOME/etc/servers|g" $NAGIOS_HOME/etc/nagios.cfg
fi

# mail configuration
# We're setting MSMTP client to connect to our postfix and send emails.
# If you're using an external postfix image don't forget to set an environment variable MAIL.
if [ ! -z /etc/msmtprc ];
then
 echo 'account postfix' > /etc/msmtprc
 echo 'host postfix' >> /etc/msmtprc
 echo 'port 25' >> /etc/msmtprc
 echo 'from '$POSTFIX_ENV_MAIL >> /etc/msmtprc
 echo 'protocol smtp' >> /etc/msmtprc
 echo 'account default : postfix' >> /etc/msmtprc

 chmod 600 /etc/msmtprc

 cp /etc/msmtprc $NAGIOS_HOME/.msmtprc
 chown nagios:nagios $NAGIOS_HOME/.msmtprc

 # remove postfix from the startup script
 rm -rf /etc/sv/postfix
fi

# Modify system default client to msmtp.
if [ ! -z /etc/mailrc ];
then
 echo 'set sendmail=/usr/bin/msmtp' > /etc/mailrc
 echo 'set sendmail=/usr/bin/msmtp' >> /etc/nail.rc
 echo 'set smtp=postfix:25' >> /etc/nail.rc  ## i'm using postfix as host due to --link name when starting nagios.
 echo 'set from='$POSTFIX_ENV_MAIL >> /etc/nail.rc

 cp /etc/mailrc $NAGIOS_HOME/.mailrc
 chown nagios:nagios $NAGIOS_HOME/.mailrc
 chown nagios:nagios /etc/nail.rc
fi

# remove localhost configuration (by default is enabled)
rm -f $NAGIOS_HOME/etc/objects/localhost.cfg
sed -i "s|cfg_file=/opt/nagios/etc/objects/localhost.cfg|#cfg_file=/opt/nagios/etc/objects/localhost.cfg|g" $NAGIOS_HOME/etc/nagios.cfg

# add timezone check
sed -i 's|use_timezone=|#use_timezone=|g' $NAGIOS_HOME/etc/nagios.cfg

# start nagios
/usr/local/bin/start_nagios

Our Nagios image is ready! Now let’s create our configuration image with this Dockerfile:

# Docker Nagios Conf
#
# VERSION 1.0

#INSTRUCTION

# scratch is a minimal docker image, ideal to hold configuration files.
FROM scratch
MAINTAINER Tiago Pires, tandrepires@gmail.com

ADD configuration-file.cfg /conf/

VOLUME [ "/conf" ]

This image holds our configuration file(s) and now we can start it and import its volume!

Let’s first create our images.

$ cd nagios
$ docker build -t myrepo/nagios .
$ cd conf
$ docker build -t myrepo/nagios-conf .

Now let’s put it to work, by first running our configuration image and then import its volume:

$ docker run -d --name nagios-conf myrepo/nagios-conf /dev
$ docker run -d --name nagios -e CONF_PATH=/conf -e NAGIOSADMIN_PASS=myownpassword -e HOME=/root --volumes-from nagios-conf -v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime -p 8080:80 myrepo/nagios

# if you've an external postfix image add: --link postfix:postfix

We’re starting our Nagios container setting its configuration path (CONF_PATH), modifying the default password (NAGIOSADMIN_PASS), setting HOME directory, importing configuration files, synchronizing with system localtime and setting 8080 as our external port.

Let’s browse to http://localhost:8080 and Nagios should be up and running!

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OpenELEC XBMC 12.0 “Frodo” with Raspberry Pi Support

XMBC-238x158

XBMC has released today the long waited XBMC 12 “Frodo”. It has support for Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, Android, Raspberry Pi, Apple TV and Apple iOS.I’ve already compiled it from Raspberry Pi (NOT OFFICIAL links below).

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Quick year review – 2012.

Thank you all, for making this possible!
I hope 2013 provide me enough free time to more new and exciting adventures.

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

4,329 films were submitted to the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. This blog had 40,000 views in 2012. If each view were a film, this blog would power 9 Film Festivals

Click here to see the complete report.

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